What is Landscape Architecture?
Landscape architecture, a profession involving the planning, design, and management of the natural environment. The occupation covers areas of construction, horticulture, design and environmental planning.
Landscape Architecture covers many sectors including public, private, health, commercial and educational to name a few. Work covers spaces like public realm, parks, gardens, countryside, housing developments and other green spaces.
A Brief History of Landscape Architecture
The history of landscape architecture can be traced back to ancient times. The first examples of planned green spaces were the gardens of Mesopotamia and Egypt. These gardens were designed for pleasure and relaxation and for practical purposes such as irrigation and food production.
In medieval Europe, religious orders such as monks and nuns began to create their own gardens. These were often very ornate and included features such as fountains, statues, and hedges.
During the Renaissance, landscape architecture became more formalized. The Italian architect Andrea Palladio was one of the first to create detailed garden plans. His work had a big influence on gardening in Europe and America.
In the 18th century, landscape architecture became more popular in Europe and America. This was partly due to the work of people such as Lancelot “Capability” Brown and Humphry Repton. They believed that gardens should be designed for beauty and relaxation.
The 19th century saw a decline in interest in formal gardens. This was because many people believed that gardens should be natural and unplanned. However, there was a revival of interest in landscape architecture in the 20th century. This was led by people such as Gertrude Jekyll and Frank Lloyd Wright.
Landscape architecture is now a popular profession all over the world. It is used to create public parks, private gardens, and urban green spaces.